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jeso1
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发表于:2022-07-04 07:44|只看楼主
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120万美国人请愿弹劾反堕胎大法官托马斯,称其“不公正”

在美国联邦最高法院推翻“罗诉韦德案”的判决后,美国已经有近80万人签署请愿书,

要求弹劾最高法院大法官托马斯(Clarence Thomas)。请愿书表示,托马斯推翻堕胎

权、其妻子曾密谋推翻2020年总统大选结果等表明,他无法成为一名公正的法官。


据《国会山报》报道,倡导自由主义的组织MoveOn提出了这项请愿书,并指出托马斯是

否认堕胎权这一宪法权利存在的法官之一。请愿书还抨击托马斯的妻子曾密谋推翻2020

年大选结果一事,“种种事件表明,托马斯无法成为公正的联邦最高法院法官。托马斯

更关心的是掩盖他妻子推翻2020年总统大选结果的企图。托马斯必须辞职,否则国会必

须对其进行调查,并将其弹劾。”截至当地时间7月1日晚,已有超过786000人签署请愿

书。


报道指出,托马斯的现任妻子弗吉尼亚·托马斯曾对前总统特朗普表达支持。在美国国

会正对国会山骚乱事件进行调查之际,弗吉尼亚公开支持特朗普、否认现总统拜登当选

。弗吉尼亚还曾与特朗普的律师通信,这位律师负责起草有关推翻2020年总统大选结果

计划的备忘录。


报道称,美国民主党众议员亚历山大里亚·奥卡西奥-科特兹(Alexandria Ocasio-

Cortez)等议员表示,如果有大法官在堕胎权问题上“误导了”他人,就应该面临一定

后果,包括被弹劾。6月24日,美国联邦最高法院推翻近半个世纪前在联邦层面确立堕

胎权的判例“罗诉韦德案”,这意味着女性堕胎权将不再受美国宪法保护。支持推翻“

罗诉韦德案”的保守派大法官托马斯、阿利托、戈萨奇、卡瓦诺和巴雷特等人在此前各

自的提名听证会都回避了是否会推翻该案的问题,或是表明自己不支持推翻先前判例。

但在此次裁决结果公布后,这些人遭到了批评。

最后编辑jeso1 最后编辑于 2022/07/08 10:25:23

你知道论坛有打赏功能吗?!遇到喜欢的主题可以用你的论坛魅力给贴主“打赏加油”

功能说明点这里

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jeso1
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Are Supreme Court justices appointed for life?

Yes, as are the judges for other federal courts, and they can serve until death or retirement. It means they’re in theory insulated from the whims of the political branches. But it doesn’t make the justices popular: Current polls show that fewer than one-third of Americans have confidence in the court.


Can Supreme Court justices be removed?

Yes, via impeachment – the same process used to remove a US president. The House would vote to impeach, and the Senate would have a trial and vote on whether to remove the justice. It’s never happened for a Supreme Court justice, however 。。。


Are Supreme Court decisions final?

Yes, in the sense that they can’t be overturned by another body.

But no, in the sense that the court can overturn or change its own precedent over time, as it did with odious decisions allowing racial segregation or with last month’s reversal of the 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, which had guarantee the constitutional right to obtain an abortion.


Can Congress overrule decisions?

Not directly, but Congress can pass laws that respond to rulings.

For instance, the court ruled in 2007 that Lilly Ledbetter had not filed an equal pay discrimination complaint within the allowed time period (because she had not discovered the discrepancy until years later). President Barack Obama signed a law in 2009 that eliminated those previous restrictions.


What about amending the Constitution?

The Supreme Court interprets the Constitution, so amending the document changes how the court is able to rule. But amending the Constitution is a herculean political task requiring, in theory, mass public support, which doesn’t exist for either party at the moment.


Are Supreme Court justices elected?

No. They’re appointed by the president, and then sent to the Senate to be confirmed.


How many justices are there and who appointed them?

Nine. Each has an equal vote.

Chief Justice John Roberts (George W. Bush, 2005).

Justice Clarence Thomas (George H.W. Bush, 1991).

Justice Samuel Alito (GWB, 2006).

Justice Sonia Sotomayor (Barack Obama, 2009).

Justice Elena Kagan (Obama, 2010).

Justice Neil Gorsuch (Donald Trump, 2017).

Justice Brett Kavanaugh (Trump, 2018).

Justice Amy Coney Barrett (Trump, 2020).

Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson (Joe Biden, 2022).


Why do some presidents get to appoint more than others?

Luck and politics. Presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Obama each served for eight years and got two justices confirmed each.

Trump served one term and appointed three: one because Obama’s final nominee in 2016 was blocked by Republicans, one due to a retirement and one, just before the 2020 presidential election, due to the death of liberal Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.


Are there any requirements to be a justice?

No. It’s most common for nominees to now have strong legal pedigrees (Ivy League law school, experience clerking for previous justices or experience on federal appeals courts) but none of that is required.

Kagan was a Harvard Law professor and solicitor general (a top Justice Department attorney) but was never a judge. The late Chief Justice Earl Warren had been the governor of California.


Are Supreme Court justices appointed for life?

Yes, as are the judges for other federal courts, and they can serve until death or retirement. It means they’re in theory insulated from the whims of the political branches. But it doesn’t make the justices popular: Current polls show that fewer than one-third of Americans have confidence in the court.



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纽约凤姐
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发表于:2022-07-04 07:46|只看TA
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美国的体制 真是复杂


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goldfish
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发表于:2022-07-04 08:08|只看TA
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White supremacist.怎么不敢去说其他几个法官

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bud
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发表于:2022-07-04 09:04|只看TA
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美国的体制 真是复杂



纽约凤姐 发表于 2022-07-04 07:46

宗主国英国国王贵族造反相互砍头, 教父法国革命失败复辟路易砍头人民英雄流放, 这些吓坏了美国之父们。 所以搞出三权分立的复杂机制。

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umamaxi
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发表于:2022-07-04 09:12|只看TA
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参院要60票不可能通过的,特别民主党还有两名基本就是共和党。11月大概率两院翻红就更别想了。

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马家majia
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发表于:2022-07-04 09:18|只看TA
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这个托马斯上位这么久了?
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westlake
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发表于:2022-07-04 09:21|只看TA
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现在已经1,039,577了
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hippogirl
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发表于:2022-07-04 11:13|只看TA
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在哪儿签名?
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April4
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发表于:2022-07-04 11:21|只看TA
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White supremacist.怎么不敢去说其他几个法官


goldfish 发表于 2022-07-04 08:08

他被称作black white supremacist.

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